聚師網教育譯|怎麼樣解決問題?

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*內容版權歸聚師網教育所有,未經聚師網授權嚴禁轉載

*本文作者:星星不會點燈

聚師網導讀:江蘇鹽城市化工廠爆炸事件引發了大眾的視野,企業的社會責任感也再次成為了人們熱議的話題。企業應當如何避免安全事故的發生?事故發生後又應當採取什麼樣的措施來保障受害者權益,贏回大眾的信任?美國的一家企業給了我們一個深刻的啟示。

On January 3, 2013, maintenance personnel of a natural gas company found that a pressure gauge on the pipeline failed and hydrocarbon leakage occurred. The damaged manometer was replaced on the same day and the pipeline was restored to use. Based on naked-eye observations, the company did not report the leak to the EPA because it believed that the leak was only about 100 liters below the reporting threshold.

聚師網譯:2013年1月3日,某天然氣公司的維修人員發現管道上的一個壓力計失靈,出現烴洩漏。受損的壓力計當天得到了更換,管道也恢復使用。基於肉眼觀察,公司認為洩漏量只有約100升,低於彙報閾值,因此沒有向美國環保署報告。

Two months later, on March 8, the company discovered large areas of benzene-contaminated land and unknown quantities of liquid hydrocarbons during pipeline renewal surveys. Subsequent in-depth investigations show that the leak actually began on December 20, 2012, and lasted until January 3, 2013.

聚師網譯:兩個月後的3月8日,公司在進行管道更新相關勘察時發現了大片被苯汙染的土地和數量未知的液態烴類。後續深入調查表明,這一洩漏實際上從2012年12月20日就已開始,持續到2013年1月3日被發現為止。

After the discovery of widespread pollution, the company stopped using the pipeline, reported it to the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment and the US Environmental Protection Agency, and carried out accident investigation. However, the main response measures focused on monitoring and cleaning up two areas.

聚師網譯:大範圍汙染髮現後,公司停用了這條輸送管道,上報科羅拉多公共衛生環境部和美國環保署,並開展事故調查。但主要應對措施集中在監控和清理兩個領域。

It is reported that the general attitude of the surrounding residents is to be concerned rather than vigilant. Many people think this is a warning signal, requiring legislators to further strengthen the supervision of gas pipeline-related issues. When the accident was first discovered, water samples were monitored by the company itself. Some residents expressed distrust and asked the state government to take over the monitoring work.

聚師網譯:監控資料收集主要聚焦在土壤、地下水和地表水的烴含量。事故期間從上游的天然氣廠到下游的降傘溪和科羅拉多河,每天進行地表水和地下水監測井的取樣檢驗。附近居民只要提出申請,也可以獲得家用井水或灌溉用水的檢測服務。迄今為止尚未有私人井水或灌溉用水中檢測出汙染物。

Several ranchers said they were ready to file a claim with the company if they found groundwater contaminated in their pastoral areas. In addition, life is basically the same.According to state law, unlicensed discharge of waste is illegal, but natural gas condensate belongs to company products rather than waste. There is no reason for discharge and no evidence that serious negligence led to emissions. Companies are also very cooperative in cleaning, so there is no reason to impose fines – but if follow-up information changes, penalties will be reconsidered.

聚師網譯:截至2013年6月,已經回收了2萬升烴類,將1400立方米受汙染的地下水提到表面揮發處理,1700噸受汙染土壤被遷移。收集的烴去向尚未決定,但很可能會被降傘溪燃氣發電站回收利用。

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